The traditional wedding songs are still sung like in the past decades. These songs also convey almost the same messages as they did in the past. These songs are often accompanied by various styles of dancing, acting, dramas etc. They reflect those cultural and social aspects which are followed in a society. These aspects are part of the cultural world view. The messages in the form of various language expressions from indigenous wedding songs performed by various artists and communities illustrate this. In addition, moral values such as morality, usefulness and success are reflected in those songs. These songs serve as vehicles of communication to enforce marriage cultural practices without taking into considerations the harsh realities the communities are facing. But it must also be mentioned that these songs are useful in bringing more of a mutual understanding between husband and wife. They also promote prosperous relationships between brides and the in-laws and between grooms and the in-laws.
Since India has a very rich heritage and culture, so Indian wedding music varies greatly between the regions.
The marriage in India last for five days and consist of a number of rituals, most of which have certain types of wedding songs connected with them. These can be traditional pieces of music, folk songs, or the modern Bollywood(hits) dhumkas. Let us have a glance at the elements of a Hindu wedding along with the music played and in some weddings also sung by the performers.
The Sangeet ceremony is that occasion when all the female members of the bride’s family, along with female family friends, come together. They sing traditional celebratory songs about the bride’s future life with her husband. The songs sometimes instigate fun at the groom’s family a little.
The Mehndi ceremony is the time when Mehndi (henna) is applied to hands and feet of the bride. It is believed that the bride should do no work in her marital home until her Mehndi fades. This ceremony includes traditional music and songs, usually accompanied by a Dholak.
The Baraat ceremony is a type of procession that marks the arrival of the groom at the wedding venue. His friends and relatives known as ‘baraati’ accompany him on his way to the venue, and they are usually joined by a band which plays traditional music for them to dance to along the way.
The Vidaai ceremony is when the bride is separated from her family, and the lyrics of the songs sung during the ceremony reflect the nostalgic moments, the bride spend in her earlier home before getting married to a second home, but the hope of the family for her future. In some Indian traditions, while the bride is entering her second home with the bridegroom, a song is sung by the groom’s family to give the bride a warm welcome into their family.
Since Indian weddings follow a long number of rituals, so various Indian classical musical instruments are included such as the dhol, sitar, tumba, tabla, tempura. However, modern Indian weddings nowadays include a DJ playing contemporary music with the fusion of traditional music.
Some of the popular songs which are played during the Indian Weddings include:
The song ‘Babul Ki Duaayein Leti Ja; from the movie ‘Neel Kamal’ depicts the feelings of the bride’s father when she gets married, and shows how much he will miss her.
The song ‘Joote Dedo Paise Lelo’ from the movie ‘Hum Apke Hain Kaun’ is a popular choice to accompany the Indian custom where the bride’s sisters steal the groom’s shoes and won’t return them until he plays the given sum.
The song ‘Mehndi Laga Ke Rakhna’ from the movie ‘Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge’ is often sung before the wedding during the Mehendi ceremony where the bride has henna designs painted on her hands and feet.
Other Indian wedding songs include-